1. Side note: 33. Henry 8. For it is no reason M.
2. primus Romanorum] "the first of the Romans."
3. ultimus Romanorum] "the last of the Romans."
4. Side note: Caesar called Brutus son and said to him when he stabbed at him, και συ τεχνον (kai su technon) "And you, child?"
5. Victrix causa placet superis sed victa Catoni.] "The victorious cause pleased those above [i.e. the gods] but the defeated cause pleased Cato." Adapted from a phrase by Lucan, Pharsalia 1, 128.
6. Side note: It seems the writer hereof would fain be thought a Justice of peace.
7. Scandalum magnatum] a defamatory speech or writing published to the injury of a peer, judge, or other great officer of England (Merriam-Webster).
8. Quis non Euristea durum, Aut illaudati nescit Busiridis aras.] "Who knows not pitiless Eurystheus, or the altars of detested Busiris?" (H.R. Fairclough) Virgil, Georgics 3.1.
9. in exhauriendis cloacis.] "In cleaning of sewers."
10. Side note: Martial. 505. [V. 33] Carpere causidicus fertur mea carmina qui sit, nescio si sciero ve tibi causidice. "A lawyer is said to carp at my poems; who he is I don't know: if I do know, woe to you, lawyer!" (Walter Ker).
11. de stillicidiis, de aqua ductibus] "Of water running from roofs, of aqueducts."
12. purgare et reficere cloacam] "to clean and repair a sewer."
13. privatam cloacam facere, qua habeat exitum in publicum] "To make a private sewer, which would discharge into the public one."
14. Tubus, Fistula] "Pipes."
15. obtorto collo] "By the scruff of the neck." Side note: Some of our rude countrymen English this (obtorto collis) hanging an arse.
16. a minore ad majus.] "From smaller to larger," a method of legal argument which proposes a general rule from a particular case.
17. vilissima qua fuerunt vel sunt] "The vilest who ever is or will be." Side note: Agrippa saith of her, that she lay with twenty-two several men in twenty-four hours, at the common stews; et tandem lassata viris non satiata reddit. "And at last though worn out from all these men she was still not sated."
18. beg for a fool] to petition the Court of Wards for the custody of a an idiot.
19. in Capite] A feudal tenure held directly from the King
20. covert baron] "under the legal protection of a husband."
21. plus digne de sang] "Of nobler blood."
22. Side note: Two parts why Claudius was esteemed a fool. Look Sueton.
23. Side note: Claudius was in
24. Mortui non mordent] "Dead men don't bite."
25. Side Note: He is called fool to his face.
26. Side Note: But hereby hangs a tale.
27. Side Note: Claudius' judgment like that of Solomon.
28. deliciae humani generis] "The delight of the human race."
29. Side note: Oils, woad, tar &c.
30. a paribus] "equally."
31. recepi] "I have received."
32. Side note: Argumentum quaerit an contigenda sit aqua quae per civitatem Amestrianorum fluit. The contents is, whether he shall cover the water that runs by the town of
33. Side note: Che scrisse taccia, et piu no'l faccia "He wrote silently, and did nothing more."
34. Magister incipiens] "A novice teacher."
35. Thomas Coperus omisit plurima verba ] "Thomas Cooper has left out very many words."
36. Side note: A great officer among the boys at
37. Qui fueras quondam clarae praepositor aulae] "You who would be the brilliant prefect of the hall."
38. Side note: Eliot's Dictionary, and Cooper's, place these two words too near together.
39. Nero, Domitianus, Trajanus, Antonius, Pontifices Romanos laniarunt.] "Nero, Domitian, Trajan, Antoninus Pius, persecuted the pontiffs of Rome."
40. invincibilis ignorantia recusat] "Invincible ignorance excuses." This is a theological principle, that if a person does not know, and cannot reasonably be expected to know, that what they are doing is wrong, then it is not sinful for them.
41. Conquirendi non sunt] "They should not be hunted down"
42. Side note: S. Damascen. S. Brigid writes this of Trajan: believe them who list; for though it seem popish, yet it ministers an argument against some popish opinions.
43. ex inferno nulla redemptio] "there is no redemption out of Hell."
44. Incipit libri Deuteronomium, caput vicesimum tertium.] "Here begins the Book of Deuteronomy, chapter twenty-three."
45. s't tacete] Shh be quiet."
46. Side note: Authorities of Scripture.
47. Side note: Or a trowel.
48. Omnia munda mundis] "To the pure all things are pure." Titus. i. 15.
49. Fac hoc et viva] "Do this and you will live."
50. Da Domine quod jubes.] "Give me to do what you command, O Lord."
51. poetica licentia] "poetic licence."
52. reprehension] "Refutation", the sixth section of a classical oration, where the speaker answered the opponent's arguments.
53. Side note: There is a comedy called Priscianus vapulans; ("The Flogging of Priscian") where if one should say ignem hanc,("that fire," but ungrammatical — should be ignem hunc) Priscian would cry, his head were broken.
54. Haec tibi Traiano, &c.] "Micasmos, not Secundus, here writes respectfully to you, Trajan, far across land and sea."
55. de claro viis et modis, per annum CCCClxxx.d. "Net of all expenses, 480 pence [2 pounds] a year."
56. Tu autem] "You also", a phrase near the end of a grace or prayer.
57. Et ingressus sum &c.] "And I went out by night by the gate of the valley, even before the dragon well, and to the dung port, and viewed the walls of
58. Side note: There is a noble and learned lady, Dowager to the Lord John Russel, that will not name love without save-reverence.
59. Porta stercoris] "Dung gate."
60. Side note: The Brick-kilns.
61. Side note: A reverend bishop told me that the Brownists have written a book called Josias's reformation, to this zealous purpose.
62. spurcitiarum latrinam] "A filthy privy."
63. spelunca latronum] "Dens (lit. caves) of thieves." Hary-Osto i.e. Ariosto, whose Orlando Furioso Queen Elizabeth ordered Harington to translate in full as a punishment for having shown a translation of the naughty bits to her ladies-in-waiting.
64. ne quid respub. detrimenti capiat] "that nothing may be done to harm of the state."
65. Side note: Isiae C. 3. 24. Et erit pro suavi odores foetor. "Instead of sweet smell there shall be stink."
66. poena sensus] Punishment of the senses.
67. Side note: One taught an excellent rule to keep a chimney from smoking and a privy from stinking; viz. to make your fire in the privy, and to set the close-stool in the chimney.
68. fiant clisteria,fiant pillulae, fiant potiones, fiant pessi] "They make enemas, pills, potions and pessaries."
69. Anglorum regi, scribit schola tota salerni.] "The whole
70. Quatuor ex vento veniunt, &c.] "Four things come from wind held in, spasms, dropsy, colic, dizziness."
71. Multiplicant mictum, &c.] "Medlars increase the urine, and tighten the bowels; after pears, drink; after apples, go to the privy."